Tag Archives: crucifixion

The Seamless Tunic

A Good Friday Sermon

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The Seamless Tunic

John 19:23-24 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made four parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece.
24 So they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be”; this was to fulfill the Scripture: “They divided my outer garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.”

What is shame?
It is an uncomfortable feeling of intense humiliation caused by an awareness of wrongdoing, hurt ego, or guilt.

1. Kinds of shame

    a. Shame of ________________

Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.

    b. Shame of ________________

Hosea 4:7 The more they multiplied, the more they sinned against Me; I will change their glory into shame.
Ezra 9:6 and I said, “O my God, I am ashamed and embarrassed to lift up my face to You, my God, for our iniquities have risen above our heads and our guilt has grown even to the heavens.
2 Corinthians 7:9 I now rejoice, not that you were made sorrowful, but that you were made sorrowful to the point of repentance…

    c. Shame of _________________

2. Responses to Shame
a. Proper response
Jeremiah 6:15 “Were they ashamed because of the abomination they have done? They were not even ashamed at all; They did not even know how to blush. Therefore they shall fall among those who fall; At the time that I punish them, They shall be cast down,” says the Lord.

b. Improper response

Guilt vs Shame

Guilt – Romans 7:19 For the good that I want, I do not do, but I practice the very evil that I do not want.
Shame – Romans 7:24 Wretched man that I am! Who will set me free from the body of this death?

3. The Remedy for Shame:: The Cross
Jesus Christ bore shame:
a. Philippians 2:5-8:
5 Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus,
6 who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped,
7 but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men.
8 Being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.

2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.
John 1:12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name,

b. 2 Corinthians 5:21 He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

c. John 19:23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made four parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece.

1 Corinthians 1:23 but we preach Christ crucified, to Jews a stumbling block and to Gentiles foolishness.

Hebrews 12:2 fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.


A Leather Sign

A cursory observation of human life reveals that sin has pervaded it. It is a problem that a mere change in cuisine, healthcare, social status or presidency cannot fix. Human depravity had a definite origin. This sermon explores the details of that origin and consider the solution that has been offered.

A Leather Sign

Genesis 3:1-8

3:1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?”

2:16 The LORD God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”

a. Really?
b. God vs Lord
c. Not… Any
d. Freely

3:2 The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat;
3:3 but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’ ”

Genesis 3:4-5
4 The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die!
5 For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

1. Satan attacks the Freedom of life in God. 3:1
2. Satan denies the Penalty of sin. 3:4.
3. Satan questions Motives of God. 3:5.

Genesis 3:6 When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate.

They believed:
1. The Freedom Lie
2. The Penalty Lie
Romans 6:23 wages of sin is death.
Ezekiel 18:20 The person who sins will die.
3. The Motive Lie

Genesis 3:7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings.

Genesis 3:21 The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.

Hebrews 9:22 … without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.

Genesis 4-5: Abel
Genesis 8 – Noah
Genesis 22 – Abraham
Genesis 31, 46 – Jacob
Exodus 18 – Jethro

Hebrews 10:4: it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

At the cross:
1. Freedom
Romans 8:1 Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.
Galatians 5:1 It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery.
2. Penalty of Sin:
John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.
3. Love of God:
Romans 5:8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

Last Adam, Second Man

Jesus is referred to as the last Adam and the second man. Why? Why that order of words? Why not, the second Adam and the last man? In fact, Paul deliberately used those words. Lets look at the text:

So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living soul.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual.
The first man is from the earth, earthy; the second man is from heaven.
As is the earthy, so also are those who are earthy; and as is the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly.
Just as we have borne the image of the earthy, we will also bear the image of the heavenly.
(I Corinthians 15.45-48)

When Paul wrote verse 45, he was quoting Genesis 2.7  “And man became a living being”. Paul added in the words “first” and “Adam” deliberately to make it “The first man (Gk. anthropos), Adam (Gk. Adam), became a living soul” and followed it up with mention of the second Adam.

In the very next verse, he mentions Adam again, this time calling him the “first man” and again follows it up with mention of Jesus – instead of the last Adam, he now calls him the second man.

There is a specific reason for this. God created Adam and Eve and set them into a perfect world. And wanted them to live a life of fellowship with Him. But, the first Adam sinned and dragged the entire human race down with him. Ever since that point, we have been living apart from God. Then God, seeing our helplessness to save ourselves, sent His Son, Jesus Christ. The last Adam. Jesus lived the kind of life that Adam and mankind were supposed to live but didnt. As the last Adam, Jesus fulfilled every requirement of the holy law of God. Wherever the first Adam failed, the last Adam succeeded. Then at the end, after demonstrating the ideal Adamic life, Jesus died. The Last Adam died. When Ken Watanabe died in that 2003 movie as the Last Samurai, it signified the end of the samurais. When the Last Adam died, it signified the end of that particular human race.

Three days later, Jesus rose again. No one had done that before. He didn’t rise up as the last Adam. That race was done with. He was beginning a new race, if you will. A Second race. The first human race that began with Adam in the Garden of Eden ended on the cross in Golgotha. Now, manifested in Joseph’s Garden outside the city of Jerusalem, the Second man arose. And He began the second race. A different race. No longer will we be under the curse and the hopelessness of that first race. In Jesus Christ, we are a new race. Thus when we become believers in Jesus Christ, we don’t become like Adam before he sinned in the Garden of Eden. No. We become part of the new race that Jesus started. A victorious race living under the blessing of the life of Jesus. A new kind of being, even better than Adam. Just as we have borne the image of the earthy, we will also bear the image of the heavenly.

Jesus was crucified as the Last Adam and was resurrected as the Second Man.